What is Physiotherapy?
Physiotherapy is an area of health which specialises in identifying, diagnosing, treating and managing pathologies of the musculoskeletal, neurological and cardiorespiratory systems. Individuals of all ages and levels of health or function can benefit from Physiotherapy. Physiotherapy includes, though is not limited to the treatment of diseases, pathologies and injuries of the muscles and bones of the body. Treatment may also include chest care in people who have disease or infection within the lungs such as in pneumonia and bronchitis and those who have had injury to the brain such as during stroke or trauma.
Physiotherapists aim to normalise and optimize human function and movement. A wide variety of treatments can be used to restore, promote and maintain physical and mental health and wellbeing.
Physiotherapists may work in hospitals, sports injury clinics, GP surgeries, schools and gyms. Physiotherapists provide education and information regarding the cause, management and expected outcomes of each patients individual problem. Manual treatments such as joint mobilisations, manipulations, massage and stretches are commonly used in musculoskeletal injury and pathology. Commonly exercise is used to retrain, improve or strengthen specific movements or postures. Heat and Ice therapy and Electrotherapeutic modalities such as ultrasound, TENS, interferential and laser can also be used to assist in the process of healing. Acupuncture and Dry Needling is becoming increasingly used in the treatment by Physiotherapists.
Physiotherapists will also work with patients to assist with integration back into social, domestic or work settings and can work with other health professionals to achieve optimal outcomes.